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ñàéò: Ìîñòû öåíòðàëüíîãî Ëîíäîíà
ðàçäåë: Ìîñò Âàòåðëîî
Tower Bridge | London Bridge | Cannon Street Railway Bridge | Southwark Bridge | Millennium Bridge | Blackfriars Railway Bridge | Blackfriars Bridge | Waterloo Bridge | Hungerford Bridge | Westminster Bridge | Lambeth Bridge | Vauxhall Bridge












Ìîñò Âàòåðëîî :::
Waterloo Bridge

Ñâîèì âíåøíèì âèäîì ìîñò Âàòåðëîî íåñêîëüêî ïîõîæ íà Ëîíäîíñêèé ìîñò (òàêîé æå ñåðûé è àñêåòè÷íûé), ñ òåì, êîíå÷íî, îòëè÷èåì, ÷òî ó íåãî 4 îïîðû, à ó Ëîíäîíñêîãî ìîñòà - âñåãî 2. Íî åñëè ïîñìîòðåòü ïîâíèìàòåëüíåå, ìîñò Âàòåðëîî îêàæåòñÿ áîëåå èçÿùíûì. Åãî îïîðû êàæóòñÿ çàóæåííûìè êâåðõó, à áàëî÷íûå ïðîë¸òû ñäåëàíû ìàêñèìàëüíî ïîõîæèìè íà àðêè - çà ñ÷¸ò ÷åãî ñîçäà¸òñÿ "òàëèÿ" ìåæäó îïîðàìè è êîíöàìè ïðîë¸òîâ. Ê òîìó æå ïðîë¸òû ñîïðèêàñàþòñÿ ñ îïîðàìè òîëüêî ïî èõ êðàÿì - ïîýòîìó ìåæäó îïîðàìè ìîñòà è åãî öåíòðàëüíûìè (ïî îñè) îòäåëàìè îñòà¸òñÿ ïóñòîòà, äåëàþùàÿ ïðîñòðàíñòâî ïîä ìîñòîì åäèíûì è áîëåå ñâåòëûì. Âñ¸ ýòî ïðèäà¸ò ìîñòó íåêóþ âîçäóøíîñòü è ë¸ãêîñòü.

Ìîñò ïåðåñåêàåò Òåìçó â òîì ìåñòå, ãäå îíà äåëàåò èçãèá ïîä ïðÿìûì óãëîì. Ïîýòîìó ìîñò Âàòåðëîî - õîðîøåå ìåñòî äëÿ îáçîðà öåíòðà Ëîíäîíà: ñ íåãî õîðîøî âèäíî è òî, ÷òî ðàñïîëîæåíî âûøå ïî òå÷åíèþ Òåìçû (Âåñòìèíñòåð, Ñàóò-Áýíê, êîëåñî îáîçðåíèÿ London Eye), è òî, ÷òî ðàñïîëîæåíî íèæå (Ñèòè, Êàíàðè Âîðô).

íàçâàíèå

Ìîñò ïîëó÷èë ñâî¸ íàçâàíèå â ÷åñòü ïîáåäû áðèòàíñêèõ âîéñê â áèòâå ïðè Âàòåðëîî (ïîáåæäåíû áûëè âîéñêà Íàïîëåîíà, áèòâà ñîñòîÿëàñü â 1815 ãîäó) è áûë îòêðûò â å¸ âòîðóþ ãîäîâùèíó.

èñòîðèÿ ñòðîèòåëüñòâà

Ñòàðûé ìîñò áû ñäåëàí èç ãðàíèòà, èìåë 9 àðîê, ðàçäåë¸ííûõ äâîéíûìè ãðåêî-äîðè÷åñêèìè êîëîííàìè. Äî 1878 ãîäà ìîñò áûë ïëàòíûì.

 1945 ãîäó ñîñòîÿëîñü îòêðûòèå ñîâðåìåííîãî ìîñòà. Ãðàíèò ñòàðîãî ìîñòà ïîø¸ë â äåëî - â ÷àñòíîñòè, áûë èñïîëüçîâàí äëÿ ñòðîèòåëüñòâà íåêîòîðûõ ìîíóìåíòîâ (íàïðèìåð, â Âåëëèíãòîíå, Íîâàÿ Çåëàíäèÿ, áûë ïîñòðîåí ìîíóìåíò ñîáàêå Paddy the Wanderer).

èíòåðåñíûå ôàêòû

Ýòî åäèíñòâåííûé èç âñåõ ëîíäîíñêèõ ìîñòîâ, ïîñòðàäàâøèé îò ãåðìàíñêèõ áîìá¸æåê âî âðåìÿ Âòîðîé ìèðîâîé âîéíû. Ðå÷ü èä¸ò î íîâîì, òîëüêî ïîñòðîåííîì ìîñòå.

Íà ìîñòó ïðîèçîøëî çíàìåíèòîå óáèéñòâî áîëãàðñêîãî äèññèäåíòà Ãåîðãè Ìàðêîâà. 7 ñåíòÿáðÿ 1978 ãîäà òîò ø¸ë ÷åðåç ìîñò, êîãäà íåçíàêîìåö (ñóäÿ ïî âñåìó ýòî áûë àãåíò áîëãàðñêèõ ñïåöñëóæá) "ñëó÷àéíî" óêîëîë åãî çîíòèêîì. Ê âå÷åðó ó Ìàðêîâà ðàçâèëàñü ëèõîðàäêà, ðåçêî óõóäøèëîñü îáùåå ñàìî÷óâñòâèå è 11 ñåíòÿáðÿ îí ñêîí÷àëñÿ. Ðàññëåäîâàíèå ïîëèöèè óñòàíîâèëî, ÷òî ñ ïîìîùüþ çîíòèêà â èêðó åãî íîãè áûëà èìïëàíòèðîâàíà ìåòàëëè÷åñêàÿ êàïñóëà ñ ÿäîì ðèöèíîì.

Åñòü àìåðèêàíñêèé ôèëüì 1940 ãîäà ñ íàçâàíèåì Ìîñò Âàòåðëîî.

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ÑÑÛËÊÈ

Ïðîïëûâàÿ íà ëîäêå ïîä ìîñòîì Âàòåðëîî
âèäåî ñ "âîäÿíûìè çíàêàìè" :-(
iStockvideo


 òèï ìîñòà: áàëî÷íûé
 êîëè÷åñòâî îïîð: 4
 íàçíà÷åíèå: àâòîìîáèëüíûé, ïåøåõîäíûé
 ãîä îòêðûòèÿ ñîâðåìåííîãî/ïåðâîãî ìîñòà: 1945/1817

ÔÎÒÎ (êëèêàáåëüíî)
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Ñòàðûé ìîñò Âàòåðëîî
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