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ñàéò: Ìîñòû öåíòðàëüíîãî Ëîíäîíà
ðàçäåë: Ìîñò Õàíãåðôîðä è ìîñòû Çîëîòîãî Þáèëåÿ
Tower Bridge | London Bridge | Cannon Street Railway Bridge | Southwark Bridge | Millennium Bridge | Blackfriars Railway Bridge | Blackfriars Bridge | Waterloo Bridge | Hungerford Bridge | Westminster Bridge | Lambeth Bridge | Vauxhall Bridge












Ìîñò Õàíãåðôîðä è ìîñòû Çîëîòîãî Þáèëåÿ :::
Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges

Ýòè ìîñòû îáðàçóþò î÷åíü óçíàâàåìóþ åäèíóþ êîíñòðóêöèþ - êàê áû òðèïëåêñ ìîñòîâ.  öåíòðå ðàñïîëàãàåòñÿ æåëåçíîäîðîæíûé ìîñò Õàíãåðôîðä, à ñ áîêîâ îò íåãî - ïåøåõîäíûå ìîñòû Çîëîòîãî Þáèëåÿ.

Ìîñò Õàíãåðôîðä ïî êîíñòðóêöèè ôåðìåííûé, ò.å. êàæäûé åãî ïðîë¸ò ïðåäñòàâëÿåò ñîáîé ôåðìó - æ¸ñòêóþ êîíñòðóêöèþ, ñîñòîÿùóþ èç ìíîæåñòâà òðåóãîëüíûõ ýëåìåíòîâ. Ìîñòû Çîëîòîãî Þáèëåÿ - âàíòîâûå. Ýòî òàêèå ðàçíîâèäíîñòè âèñÿ÷èõ ìîñòîâ, êîãäà ïðîë¸òû ïîääåðæèâàþòñÿ äëèííûìè ïðÿìèìè òðîñàìè - âàíòàìè, ðàñõîäÿùèìèñÿ îò âåðõóøåê ïèëîíîâ - âûñîêèõ âåðòèêàëüíûõ ñòîëáîâ.

íàçâàíèå

Ìîñò Õàíãåðôîðä ïîëó÷èë ñâî¸ íàçâàíèå â ÷åñòü ðûíêà, ðàñïîëàãàâøåãîñÿ íà ìåñòå æåëåçíîäîðîæíîé ñòàíöèè ×àðèíã Êðîññ. Ê âîïðîñó îá ýòèìîëîãèè ñëîâà Hungerford: hunger ïî-àíãëèéñêè ãîëîä, à ford - áðîä. Ïîëó÷àåòñÿ ÷òî-òî òèïà ãîëîäíûé áðîä - ÷åì íå íàçâàíèå äëÿ ðûíêà?

Èíîãäà ìîñò íàçûâàþò ìîñòîì ×àðèíã Êðîññ - ïî íàçâàíèþ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåé åìó æåëåçíîäîðîæíîé ñòàíöèè íà ñåâåðíîì áåðåãó Òåìçû.

Ìîñòû Çîëîòîãî Þáèëåÿ áûëè îòêðûòû â ãîä 50-ëåòíåãî þáèëåÿ ïðàâëåíèÿ êîðîëåâû Åëèçàâåòû II - îòñþäà èõ íàçâàíèå.

Íà ïðàêòèêå âñå òðè ìîñòà îáû÷íî íàçûâàþò ìîñòàìè Õàíãåðôîðä.

ñîñåäíèå äîñòîïðèìå÷àòåëüíîñòè

Íåñêîëüêî âûøå ïî òå÷åíèþ (ïîñåðåäèíå ìåæäó ìîñòîì Õàíãåðôîðä è Âåñòìèíñòåðñêèì ìîñòîì), íà þæíîì áåðåãó Òåìçû ðàñïîëàãàåòñÿ çíàìåíèòîå êîëåñî îáîçðåíèÿ London Eye.

èñòîðèÿ ñòðîèòåëüñòâà

Ïåðâûé ìîñò íà ýòîì ìåñòå áûë îòêðûò â 1845 ãîäó - ýòî áûë âèñÿ÷èé ïåøåõîäíûé ìîñò, ïîëó÷èâøèé íàçâàíèå Õàíãåðôîðä. Îí ïðîñóùåñòâîâàë íåäîëãî.

 1859 ãîäó ìîñò áûë âûêóïëåí îäíîé æåëåçíîäîðîæíîé êîìïàíèåé (êîòîðàÿ õîòåëà ñîåäèíèòü æåëåçíóþ äîðîãó íà þæíîì áåðåãó Òåìçû ñ òîëüêî ÷òî ïîñòðîåííîé íà ñåâåðíîì áåðåãó æåëåçíîäîðîæíîé ñòàíöèåé ×àðèíã Êðîññ), ðàçîáðàí è çàìåí¸í â 1864 ãîäó ôåðìåííûì æåëåçíîäîðîæíûì ìîñòîì, ñòîÿùèì è èñïîëüçóþùèìñÿ äî ñèõ ïîð. ×òîáû ìîñòîì ïî-ïðåæíåìó ìîãëè ïîëüçîâàòüñÿ ïåøåõîäû, ñ îáåèõ ñòîðîí îò íåãî áûëè âîçâåäåíû ïåøåõîäíûå ãàëåðåè, ïðàâäà îäíà èç íèõ (òà, ÷òî ðàñïîëàãàëàñü êâåðõó ïî òå÷åíèþ) â 1882 ãîäó áûëà ðàçîáðàíà â ñâÿçè ñ ðàñøèðåíèåì ìîñòà (óâåëè÷èëîñü êîëè÷åñòâî æåëåçíîäîðîæíûõ ïóòåé íà ìîñòó).

 1951 ãîäó áûëà âðåìåííî ñíîâà âîçâåäåíà âòîðàÿ ïåøåõîäíàÿ ãàëåðåÿ.

 1980 ãîäó î÷åðåäíàÿ âðåìåííàÿ ïåøåõîäàÿ ãàëåðåÿ áûëà âîçâåäåíà ó ðàñïîëîæåííîãî ââåðõ ïî òå÷åíèþ êðàÿ ìîñòà Õàíãåðôîðä - íà òî âðåìÿ, ïîêà ñàì æåëåçíîäîðîæíûé ìîñò è åãî ïîñòîÿííóþ ïåøåõîäíóþ ãàëåðåþ ðåìîíòèðîâàëè.

Ñ ñåðåäèíû 90õ ãîäîâ øëà ðå÷ü î ñòðîèòåëüñòâå íîâûõ ïåøåõîäíûõ ìîñòîâ ñ êàæäîé ñòîðîíû îò æåëåçíîäîðîæíîãî ìîñòà Õàíãåðôîðä. Íàêîíåö, â 2002 ãîäó îíè áûëè îòêðûòû.

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ÑÑÛËÊÈ

Ïàíîðàìà ìîñòà Õàíãåðôîðä. Âèä ñ êîëåñà îáîçðåíèÿ London Eye
YouTube

Íà îäíîì èç ìîñòîâ Çîëîòîãî Þáèëåÿ: èäóò ëþäè, íà áåðåãó âèäåí London Eye
YouTube

Íà îäíîì èç ìîñòîâ Çîëîòîãî Þáèëåÿ: èäóò ëþäè, ïî ñîñåäíåìó æåëåçíîäîðîæíîìó ìîñòó Õàíãåðôîðä åäåò ïîåçä
vimeo

Èíòåðåñíûé ðàññêàç ñòóäåíòîâ-èíæåíåðîâ î ìîñòå Õàíãåðôîðä
YouTube


   ìîñò Õàíãåðôîðä
 òèï ìîñòà: ôåðìåííûé
 êîëè÷åñòâî îïîð:
 íàçíà÷åíèå: æåëåçíîäîðîæíûé
 ãîä îòêðûòèÿ ìîñòà: 1864
   ìîñòû Çîëîòîãî Þáèëåÿ
 òèï (êàæäîãî) ìîñòà: âàíòîâûé
 êîëè÷åñòâî îïîð:
 íàçíà÷åíèå: ïåøåõîäíûé
 ãîä îòêðûòèÿ ìîñòîâ: 2002

ÔÎÒÎ (êëèêàáåëüíî)
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Ñòàðûé âèñÿ÷èé ïåøåõîäíûé ìîñò Õàíãåðôîðä (1854 ãîä)
Èçîáðàæåíèå ñ ñàéòà 1st-art-gallery




Âèä íà ìîñòû Õàíãåðôîðä è ñòàíöèþ ×àðèíã Êðîññ




Ëåñòíèöà, âåäóùàÿ íà îäèí èç ìîñòîâ Çîëîòîãî Þáèëåÿ




Ïèëîíû è âàíòû îäíîãî èç ìîñòîâ Çîëîòîãî Þáèëåÿ




Ïîåçä, èäóùèé ïî ìîñòó Õàíãåðôîðä



ðåêëaìa ìîäíûå ôóòáîëêè èñïîëüçóþòñÿ ïîâñåìåñòíî.


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