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Tower Bridge | London Bridge | Cannon Street Railway Bridge | Southwark Bridge | Millennium Bridge | Blackfriars Railway Bridge | Blackfriars Bridge | Waterloo Bridge | Hungerford Bridge | Westminster Bridge | Lambeth Bridge | Vauxhall Bridge












Æåëåçíîäîðîæíûé ìîñò Áëýêôðàéåðç :::
Blackfriars Railway Bridge

Óçíàòü æåëåçíîäîðîæíûé ìîñò Áëýêôðàéåðç ëåãêî - â îòëè÷èå îò äðóãèõ ìîñòîâ öåíòðàëüíîãî Ëîíäîíà ó íåãî èìåþòñÿ "ñîñåäè". Ðå÷ü èä¸ò î áëèçêî ðàñïîëîæåííîì îäíîèì¸ííîì àâòîìîáèëüíîì ìîñòå è íàõîäÿùèõñÿ ìåæäó ò¸çêàìè îïîðàõ ñòàðîãî æåëåçíîäîðîæíîãî ìîñòà.

èñòîðèÿ ñòðîèòåëüñòâà

Ïåðâûé æåëåçíîäîðîæíûé ìîñò íà ýòîì ìåñòå áûë ïîñòðîåí â 1864 ãîäó. Îí íàçûâàëñÿ ìîñòîì Ñâ. Ïàâëà (ïî íàçâàíèþ áëèæàéøåé ñòàíöèè). Ïî êîíñòðóêöèè îí áûë áàëî÷íûì, èìåë 4 îïîðû, êàæäàÿ èç êîòîðûõ ïðåäñòàâëÿëà ñîáîé ðÿä èç òð¸õ ãðóïï êîëîíí (â êàæäîé ãðóïïå - 4 êîëîííû, ñòîÿùèå íà îäíîì îñíîâàíèè).

Ïî ìîñòó ïðîõîäèëî âñåãî 4 æåëåçíîäîðîæíûõ ïóòè è ÷åðåç 20 ëåò åãî ðåøèëè äîïîëíèòü ñòðîèòåëüñòâîì âòîðîãî ìîñòà. Îí áûë îòêðûò â 1886 ãîäó è ðàñïîëàãàëñÿ íèæå ïî òå÷åíèþ Òåìçû, â íåïîñðåäñòâåííîé áëèçîñòè îò ñòàðîãî ìîñòà.  1923 ãîäó ñõåìà äâèæåíèÿ ïîåçäîâ â Ëîíäîíå èçìåíèëàñü, è îáà ìîñòà ñòàëè íå òàê âîñòðåáîâàíû, êàê ðàíüøå. Ñòàðûé ìîñò ïîñòåïåííî âåòøàë è, íàêîíåö, â 1985 ãîäó îí áûë ðàçîáðàí - ñ íåãî ñíÿëè íàñòèë. Îò íåãî îñòàëèñü ñòîÿùèå äî íàñòîÿùåãî âðåìåíè îïîðû (èìåþùèå âèä êîëîíí) è íàõîäÿùèåñÿ íà þæíîì óñòîå ìîñòà ýìáëåìû æåëåçíîäîðîæíîé êîìïàíèè.

Ïîñòðîåííûé ïî ñîñåäñòâó âòîðîé æåëåçíîäîðîæíûé ìîñò, òàêæå íàçâàííûé ìîñòîì Ñâ. Ïàâëà, ôóíêöèîíèðóåò äî ñèõ ïîð. Â 1937 ãîäó, êîãäà æåëåçíîäîðîæíàÿ ñòàíöèÿ Ñâ. Ïàâëà ñìåíèëà íàçâàíèå íà Áëýêôðàéåðç, íîâûé ìîñò òàêæå ñìåíèë íàçâàíèå íà òàêîå æå.

íîâîñòè

28 ìàÿ 2009 ãîäà
Äàí òîðæåñòâåííûé ñòàðò ìàñøòàáíûì ðàáîòàì ïî ðàñøèðåíèþ æåëåçíîäîðîæíîé ñòàíöèè Áëýêôðàéåðç (ðàñïîëàãàåòñÿ íà ñåâåðíîé íàáåðåæíîé Òåìçû) äî þæíîé íàáåðåæíîé Òåìçû (Áýíêñàéä) è, òàêèì îáðàçîì, ïðåâðàùåíèþ æåëåçíîäîðîæíîãî ìîñòà Áëýêôðàéåðç â ïåðâóþ â Ëîíäîíå ñòàíöèþ, ðàñïîëîæåííóþ íàä âîäîé è ïåðåñåêàþùóþ öåëóþ ðåêó. Âõîä íà ñòàíöèþ òåïåðü áóäåò ñ Áýíêñàéäà. Ðàñøèðÿòü ñòàíöèþ ïëàíèðóþò â òîì ÷èñëå çà ñ÷¸ò ñîõðàíèâøèõñÿ îïîð ñòàðîãî æåëåçíîäîðîæíîãî ìîñòà. Îòêðûòèå îáíîâë¸ííîé ñòàíöèè ïëàíèðóåòñÿ ê 2012 ãîäó.
Ññûëêè ïî íîâîñòè (íà àíãë. ÿçûêå): ñòàòüÿ1, ñòàòüÿ2, ôîòî.

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ÑÑÛËÊÈ

Âèäåî - èäóùèå ïî ìîñòó ïîåçäà
YouTube 4 ìèí.


 òèï ìîñòà: àðî÷íûé
 êîëè÷åñòâî îïîð: 4
 íàçíà÷åíèå: æåëåçíîäîðîæíûé
 ãîä îòêðûòèÿ ñîâðåìåííîãî/ïåðâîãî ìîñòà: 1886/1864

ÔÎÒÎ (êëèêàáåëüíî)
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Ñòàðûé æåëåçíîäîðîæíûé ìîñò
Èçîáðàæåíèå ñ ñàéòà oxfordshire.gov.uk




Îäíîèì¸ííûå ìîñòû-ñîñåäè - æåëåçíîäîðîæíûé è àâòîìîáèëüíûé
Èçîáðàæåíèå ñ ñàéòà WikiPedia




Ïîä àðêîé ìîñòà 1886 ãîäà âèäíû îïîðû ñòàðîãî æåëåçíîäîðîæíîãî ìîñòà 1864 ãîäà è ìîñò Áëýêôðàéåðç (àâòîìîáèëüíûé)





Îïîðû ìîñòà 1864 ãîäà




Ýìáëåìû æåëåçíîäîðîæíîé êîìïàíèè, ñîõðàíèâøèåñÿ íà þæíîì óñòîå ìîñòà 1864 ãîäà




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