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ðàçäåë: Ìîñò Áëýêôðàéåðç
Tower Bridge | London Bridge | Cannon Street Railway Bridge | Southwark Bridge | Millennium Bridge | Blackfriars Railway Bridge | Blackfriars Bridge | Waterloo Bridge | Hungerford Bridge | Westminster Bridge | Lambeth Bridge | Vauxhall Bridge












Ìîñò Áëýêôðàéåðç :::
Blackfriars Bridge

Óçíàòü ìîñò Áëýêôðàéåðç ëåãêî - â îòëè÷èå îò äðóãèõ ìîñòîâ öåíòðàëüíîãî Ëîíäîíà ó íåãî èìåþòñÿ "ñîñåäè". Ðå÷ü èä¸ò î áëèçêî ðàñïîëîæåííîì îäíîèì¸ííîì æåëåçíîäîðîæíîì ìîñòå è íàõîäÿùèõñÿ ìåæäó ò¸çêàìè îïîðàõ ñòàðîãî æåëåçíîäîðîæíîãî ìîñòà.

íàçâàíèå

Ñâî¸ íàçâàíèå ìîñò ïîëó÷èë â ÷åñòü äîìèíèêàíñêîãî ìîíàñòûðÿ, êîãäà-òî ðàñïîëàãàâøåãîñÿ ïîáëèçîñòè (black friar – ïî àíãë. äîìèíèêàíåö, äîñëîâíî - ÷¸ðíûé ìîíàõ; òàê äîìèíèêàíöåâ ïðîçâàëè çà èõ ÷¸ðíûå îäåæäû).

èñòîðèÿ ñòðîèòåëüñòâà

Ïåðâûé ìîñò íà ýòîì ìåñòå áûë îòêðûò â 1769 ãîäó ïîñëå 9 ëåò ñòðîèòåëüñòâà. Ìîñò áûë êàìåííûì, ñïðîåêòèðîâàí â èòàëüÿíñêîì ñòèëå, èìåë 9 ïîëóýëëèïòè÷åñêèõ àðîê. Îí ïðåäíàçíà÷àëñÿ òîëüêî äëÿ ïåøåõîäîâ, ïðè÷¸ì ïðîõîä ïî ìîñòó áûë ïëàòíûì.

Ñíà÷àëà ìîñò íàçûâàëñÿ ìîñòîì Óèëëüÿìà Ïèòòà (William Pitt Bridge) - â ÷åñòü òîãäàøíåãî ïðåìüåð-ìèíèñòðà, íî ñêîðî áûë ïåðåèìåíîâàí â ÷åñòü Äîìèíèêàíñêîãî ìîíàñòûðÿ.

Ìîñò Áëýêôðàéåðç ñòàë òðåòüèì ïî ñ÷¸òó ìîñòîì öåíòðàëüíîãî Ëîíäîíà - ïîñëå Ëîíäîíñêîãî è Âåñòìèíñòåðñêîãî, è áûë âîçâåä¸í êàê ðàç íà ñåðåäèíå ðàññòîÿíèÿ ìåæäó íèìè.

Õîòÿ ìîñò áûë ïîñòðîåí èç ïîðòëåíäñêîãî êàìíÿ, óæå â 1833 è 1840 ãîäàõ åìó ïîòðåáîâàëèñü ñåðü¸çíûå âîññòàíîâèòåëüíûå ðàáîòû. Çàøëà ðå÷ü î ïîñòðîéêå íîâîãî ìîñòà.  èòîãå ñïóñòÿ ðîâíî 100 ëåò, â 1869 ãîäó, íà ìåñòå ñòàðîãî êîðîëåâîé Âèêòîðèåé áûë îòêðûò íîâûé ñòàëüíîé ìîñò (åé, êñòàòè, íà åãî ñåâåðíîì êîíöå óñòàíîâèëè ïàìÿòíèê), ôóíêöèîíèðóþùèé äî ñèõ ïîð. Åäèíñòâåííîå - â 1907-1910 ãîäàõ îí áûë ðàñøèðåí â ïîëòîðà ðàçà (ñ 21 äî 32 ìåòðîâ) â ñâÿçè ñ óñèëåíèåì äâèæåíèÿ ïî ìîñòó.

âíåøíèé âèä

Íà êàìåííûõ ïèðñàõ ìîñòà èìååòñÿ ðåçüáà ñ èçîáðàæåíèÿìè âîäîïëàâàþùèõ ïòèö. Íà âîñòî÷íîé ñòîðîíå (êîòîðàÿ áëèæå ê óñòüþ Òåìçû è Ñåâåðíîìó ìîðþ) èçîáðàæåíû ñîîòâåòñòâåííî ìîðñêèå ïòèöû, à íà çàïàäíîé - ïðåñíîâîäíûå.

èíòåðåñíûå ôàêòû

 1982 ãîäó ìîñò ïîëó÷èë ìåæäóíàðîäíóþ èçâåñòíîñòü, êîãäà ïîä îäíîé èç åãî àðîê áûë íàéäåí ïîâåøåííûì çíàìåíèòûé èòàëüÿíñêèé áàíêèð Ðîáåðòî Êàëüâè (ïîäîçðåâàåìûé â ñâÿçÿõ ñ ìàôèåé è ïðèáëèæåííûé ê Âàòèêàíó, çà ÷òî ïîëó÷èë ïðîçâèùå áàíêèð Áîãà).

íîâîñòè

22 äåêàáðÿ 2009 ãîäà
Ïðèíö Óèëüÿì (ñûí ïðèíöà Óýëüñêîãî ×àðëüçà) â ðàìêàõ ïóáëè÷íîé àêöèè, ïðèçâàííîé ïðèâëå÷ü îáùåñòâåííîå âíèìàíèå ê ïðîáëåìàì áåçäîìíûõ, ïðîâ¸ë íî÷ü â ñïàëüíîì ìåøêå ïîä îòêðûòûì íåáîì ðÿäîì ñ ìîñòîì Áëýêôðàéåðç.

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ÑÑÛËÊÈ

Ïåðåäâèæåíèå ïî ìîñòó Áëýêôðàéåðç ïåøåõîäîâ è êîííûõ ýêèïàæåé - âèäåî 1896 (!) ãîäà
YouTube

Âèäåî ñ ìåñòà ïîä ìîñòîì Áëýêôðàéåðç, ãäå áûë íàéäåí ïîâåøåííûì Ðîáåðòî Êàëüâè
YouTube

Âèäåî èç ïåøåõîäíîãî ïåðåõîäà ïîä ìîñòîì Áëýêôðàéåðç, íà ñòåíàõ êîòîðîãî ðàçâåøàíû ïëàêàòû, ðàññêàçûâàþùèå î ñòðîèòåëüñòâå ñòàðîãî ìîñòà
vimeo


 òèï ìîñòà: àðî÷íûé
 êîëè÷åñòâî îïîð: 4
 íàçíà÷åíèå: àâòîìîáèëüíûé, ïåøåõîäíûé
 ãîä îòêðûòèÿ ñîâðåìåííîãî/ïåðâîãî ìîñòà: 1869/1769

ÔÎÒÎ (êëèêàáåëüíî)
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Ñòðîèòåëüñòâî ñòàðîãî ìîñòà Áëýêôðàéåðç
Èçîáðàæåíèå ñ ñàéòà WikiPedia




Ñòðîèòåëüñòâî ñòàðîãî ìîñòà Áëýêôðàéåðç, 1764 ãîä
Èçîáðàæåíèå ñ ñàéòà WikiPedia




Ñòàðûé ìîñò Áëýêôðàéåðç, 1777 ãîä
Èçîáðàæåíèå ñ ñàéòà thames.me.uk




Ïàíîðàìíîå ôîòî ñîâðåìåííîãî ìîñòà
Èçîáðàæåíèå ñ ñàéòà WikiPedia




"Êëàññè÷åñêèé" âèä íà ìîñò - íà çàäíåì ïëàíå âèäåí êóïîë ñîáîðà Ñâ.Ïàâëà è (ñëåâà) áàøåíêè æåëåçíîäîðîæíîé ñòàíöèè Áëýêôðàéåðç.
Ïîä ïðîë¸òàìè ìîñòà âèäíû îïîðû ñòàðîãî æåëåçíîäîðîæíîãî ìîñòà Áëýêôðàéåðç





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